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Title: ESR chronology of the fluvial sequence of Cueva del Silo (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain)
Authors: Hernando-Alonso, Isabel
Moreno García, Davinia
Ortega Martínez, Ana Isabel
Benito-Calvo, Alfonso
Alonso Escarza, María Jesús
Parés, Josep María
Martínez-Fernández, Adrián
Carbonell, Eudald
Bermúdez de Castro, José María
Keywords: ESR dating;Fluvial sediments;Atapuerca karst;Bleached quartz;Pleistocene
Issue Date: Nov-2022
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Quaternary Geochronology, 2022, 73, 101374
Abstract: The Cueva del Silo is part of the lower karst level of the Cueva Mayor-Cueva del Silo karst system (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain), whose evolution has preserved an impressive archeo-paleoanthropological sequence since the Early Pleistocene. Cueva del Silo is remarkable for the presence of fluvial deposits that record the entry of the Arlanzón River water in the cave system, providing a key sequence to investigate the fluvio-karstic relationships that give rise to this endokarst system. In order to provide a chronological framework to these fluvial deposits, six sediment samples were dated by Electron Spin Resonance and 16 samples by paleomagnetism, collected from two outcrops: Galería de las Arenas and Sala del Caos. Our results provide maximum mean age of around 1600 ka and a minimum age of 916 ± 136 ka for the deposits in Sala del Caos. The younger date from Sala del Caos might represent the last fluvial input from Arlanzón River in the lower karst level. In contrast, ESR ages estimates of 1268 ± 133 ka and 1262 ± 108 ka were obtained for Galería de las Arenas sequence, which could indicate re-sedimentation processes from the intermediate karst level where similar ages were published. The annual dose might be wrongly assessed due to the re-sedimentation processes inside the karst, hence, ESR ages for these facies should be treated with extreme caution.
ISSN: 1871-1014
DOI: 10.1016/j.quageo.2022.101374
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Arqueomagnetismo
Datación por Resonancia Paramagnética Electrónica
Geocronología y Geología

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