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Title: Carcass transport decisions in Homo antecessor subsistence strategies
Authors: Saladié Ballesté, Palmira
Huguet Pàmies, Rosa
Díez Fernández-Lomana, Juan Carlos
Rodríguez-Hidalgo, Antonio
Vallverdú Poch, Josep
Rosell, Jordi
Bermúdez de Castro, José María
Carbonell, Eudald
Keywords: Differential transport;Anatomical profiles;Archaic Homo;Zooarchaeology;Hunting;Pleistocene
Issue Date: Oct-2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Human Evolution, 2011, 61 (4), 425-446
Abstract: Pleistocene foragers used several prey acquisition and processing strategies. These strategies and their associated decisions are elucidated by taphonomic studies that cover animal transport, modifications by different agents and archaeological remains. Interpretative models of archaeological sites are by necessity based on natural and experimental observations. Ethno-archaeological data shows that several factors influenced decisions about carcass transport from the kill site to the home site. These factors often have little archaeological visibility. Díez et al. (1999) has previously interpreted the general characteristics of the macro-mammal remains from Gran Dolina Level TD6-2 (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain) as the result of anthropic accumulation, in which the anatomical profiles appeared to be the result of selective transport based on the animals’ weight. Recent taphonomic analysis has shown that carcasses with different weights may be subject to similar transport strategies, suggesting that other factors influenced these choices. The hominins that occupied TD6-2 (the TD6-2 hominin group), at least sometimes, transported large carcasses to the cave in their entirety, implying participation by groups of individuals in hunting parties. These individuals delayed their consumption of large amounts of food, instead moving it to Gran Dolina, where it was shared with other group members. These decisions are evidence of social cooperation and food sharing amongst early European hominins.
ISSN: 0047-2484
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.05.012
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología

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