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Title: Taphonomic skeletal disturbances in the Sima de los Huesos postcranial remains
Authors: Sala, Nohemi
Martínez, Ignacio
Lorenzo, Carlos
García, Rebeca
Carretero Díaz, José Miguel
Rodríguez, Laura
Gómez-Olivencia, Asier
Aranburu Artano, Arantza
García, Nuria
Quam, Rolf
Gracia, Ana
Ortega Martínez, María Cruz
Arsuaga, Juan Luis
Keywords: Bone breakage;Middle Pleistocene hominins;Taphonomy
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: American Association for Anatomy
Citation: The Anatomical Record, 2023, (0)
Abstract: The postcranial skeleton of fossil hominins is crucial for reconstructing the processes that occurred between the time of death and the recovery of the bones. Thousands of postcranial skeletal fragments from at least 29 hominin individuals have been recovered from the Sima de los Huesos Middle Pleistocene site in Spain. This study's primary objective is to address the main taphonomic features of the postcranial remains from the Sima de los Huesos sample, including antemortem, perimortem, and postmortem skeletal disturbances. We present an updated assessment of the bone surface modification analysis, the fracture pattern analysis, and the skeletal part representation to facilitate interpretation of the biostratinomic and fossil-diagenetic processes in this large paleoanthropological collection. We conclude that carnivores (probably bears) had limited access to the hominin bones and complete bodies were probably placed in the site.
ISSN: 1932-8494
DOI: 10.1002/ar.25197
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología

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