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Title: The intrusive nature of the Châtelperronian in the Iberian Peninsula
Authors: Ríos Garaizar, Joseba
Iriarte, Eneko
Arnold, Lee J.
Sánchez-Romero, Laura
Marín-Arroyo, Ana B.
San Emeterio, Aixa
Gómez-Olivencia, Asier
Pérez-Garrido, Carlos
Demuro, Martina
Campaña Lozano, Isidoro
Bourguignon, Laurence
Benito-Calvo, Alfonso
Iriarte, María J.
Aranburu Artano, Arantza
Arranz-Otaegui, Amaia
Garate, Diego
Silva-Gago, María
Lahaye, Christelle
Ortega, Iluminada
Keywords: Paleolithic period;Neanderthals;Paleoanthropology;Archaeology;Europe;Lithic technology;Optically stimulated luminescence;Stratigraphy
Issue Date: Mar-2022
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Citation: PLoS ONE, 2022, 17(3): e0265219
Abstract: Multiple factors have been proposed to explain the disappearance of Neandertals between ca. 50 and 40 kyr BP. Central to these discussions has been the identification of new techno-cultural complexes that overlap with the period of Neandertal demise in Europe. One such complex is the Châtelperronian, which extends from the Paris Basin to the Northern Iberian Peninsula between 43,760–39,220 BP. In this study we present the first open-air Châtelperronian site in the Northern Iberian Peninsula, Aranbaltza II. The technological features of its stone tool assemblage show no links with previous Middle Paleolithic technology in the region, and chronological modeling reveals a gap between the latest Middle Paleolithic and the Châtelperronian in this area. We interpret this as evidence of local Neandertal extinction and replacement by other Neandertal groups coming from southern France, illustrating how local extinction episodes could have played a role in the process of disappearance of Neandertals.
ISSN: 1932-6203
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0265219
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Arqueología
Datación por Luminiscencia
Geocronología y Geología

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