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dc.contributor.authorMartinón-Torres, María-
dc.contributor.authorD'Errico, Francesco-
dc.contributor.authorSantos, Elena-
dc.contributor.authorÁlvaro Gallo, Ana-
dc.contributor.authorAmano, Noel-
dc.contributor.authorArcher, William-
dc.contributor.authorArmitage, Simon J.-
dc.contributor.authorArsuaga, Juan Luis-
dc.contributor.authorBermúdez de Castro, José María-
dc.contributor.authorBlinkhorn, James Alexander-
dc.contributor.authorCrowther, Alison-
dc.contributor.authorDouka, Katerina-
dc.contributor.authorDubernet, Stéphan-
dc.contributor.authorFaulkner, Patrick ‎-
dc.contributor.authorFernández Colón, Pilar-
dc.contributor.authorKourampas, Nikos-
dc.contributor.authorGonzález García, Jorge-
dc.contributor.authorLarreina, David-
dc.contributor.authorLe Bourdonnec, François-Xavier-
dc.contributor.authorMacLeod, George-
dc.contributor.authorMartín-Francés, Laura-
dc.contributor.authorMassilani, Diyendo-
dc.contributor.authorMercader, Julio-
dc.contributor.authorMiller, Jennifer M.-
dc.contributor.authorNdiema, Emmanuel-
dc.contributor.authorNotario Collado, Belén-
dc.contributor.authorPitarch Martí, Africa-
dc.contributor.authorPrendergast, Mary E.-
dc.contributor.authorQueffelec, Alain-
dc.contributor.authorRigaud, Solange-
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Patrick-
dc.contributor.authorJavad Shoaee, Mohammad-
dc.contributor.authorShipton, Ceri-
dc.contributor.authorSimpson, Ian-
dc.contributor.authorBoivin, Nicole-
dc.contributor.authorPetraglia, Michael D.-
dc.identifier.citationNature, 2021, 593, 95-100es_ES
dc.description.abstractThe origin and evolution of hominin mortuary practices are topics of intense interest and debate. Human burials dated to the Middle Stone Age (MSA) are exceedingly rare in Africa and unknown in East Africa. Here we describe the partial skeleton of a roughly 2.5- to 3.0-year-old child dating to 78.3 ± 4.1 thousand years ago, which was recovered in the MSA layers of Panga ya Saidi (PYS), a cave site in the tropical upland coast of Kenya. Recent excavations have revealed a pit feature containing a child in a flexed position. Geochemical, granulometric and micromorphological analyses of the burial pit content and encasing archaeological layers indicate that the pit was deliberately excavated. Taphonomical evidence, such as the strict articulation or good anatomical association of the skeletal elements and histological evidence of putrefaction, support the in-place decomposition of the fresh body. The presence of little or no displacement of the unstable joints during decomposition points to an interment in a filled space (grave earth), making the PYS finding the oldest known human burial in Africa. The morphological assessment of the partial skeleton is consistent with its assignment to Homo sapiens, although the preservation of some primitive features in the dentition supports increasing evidence for non-gradual assembly of modern traits during the emergence of our species. The PYS burial sheds light on how MSA populations interacted with the dead.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding for this project was provided by the SEALINKS project under a European Research Council (ERC) grant (no. 206148) and the Max Planck Society (to N.B.). Funding for the hominin analyses was from the Dirección General de Investigación of the Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades, grant numbers PGC2018-093925-B-C31 and C33 (MCI/AEI/FEDER, UE) and The Leakey Foundation, through the personal support of G. Getty (2013) and D. Crook (2014-2020) to M.M.-T. F.d’E. was funded by the ERC grant TRACSYMBOLS (no. 249587), the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR-10-LABX-52), LaScArBx Cluster of Excellence, and the Talents programme of the University of Bordeaux, Initiative d’Excellence. A.P.M. was funded by the Beatriu de Pinós postdoctoral programme (2017 BP-A 00046) of the Government of Catalonia’s Secretariat for Universities & Research of the Ministry of Economy and Knowledge.es_ES
dc.publisherNature Researches_ES
dc.subjectBiological anthropologyes_ES
dc.titleEarliest known human burial in Africaes_ES
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología
Colecciones, Conservación y Restauración
Microscopía y Microtomografía Computarizada

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