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Title: Characterizing the sedimentary history of cave deposits, using archaeomagnetism and rock magnetism, Atapuerca (Northern Spain)
Authors: Parés, Josep María
Pérez-González, Alfredo
Arsuaga, Juan Luis
Bermúdez de Castro, José María
Carbonell, Eudald
Ortega Martínez, Ana Isabel
Keywords: Atapuerca;Eurasia;Pleistocene;Rock magnetism;Magnetic reversals;Sedimentary fabric
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Archaeometry, 2010, 52 (5), 882-898
Abstract: We use a combination of rock magnetism (anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility, AMS) and magnetic polarity to characterize cave deposits and as a proxy for sedimentary fabric. In three localities at the Atapuerca archaeological site (Galeria, Gran Dolina and Sala de los Cíclopes), magnetic foliation (Kmax/Kint) is always greater than lineation (Kint/Kmin), consistent with a primary, depositional, sedimentary fabric. Our results, although preliminary, reveal a higher degree of anisotropy in autochtonous deposits compared to allochthonous deposits, possibly indicative of a higher hydrodynamic regime in the former. At two localities the magnetic lineation (Kmax) defines a cluster, which is thought to be antipodal to the palaeocurrent direction. Hence we are able to retrieve palaeoflow directions in deposits that otherwise lack any other sedimentary structure. We conclude that AMS is a powerful tool for determining the hydrodynamic character of depositional environments in cave sediments at the Atapuerca archaeological site. A better understanding of the depositional environment and how sedimentation occurred allows reconstruction of the karst evolution and ultimately a better definition of human interaction with the environment.
ISSN: 0003-813X
DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-4754.2010.00533.x
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología
Geocronología y Geología

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