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dc.contributor.authorRodríguez, Jesús-
dc.contributor.authorBurjachs i Casas, Francesc-
dc.contributor.authorCuenca Bescós, Gloria-
dc.contributor.authorGarcía García, Nuria-
dc.contributor.authorMade, Jan van der-
dc.contributor.authorPérez-González, Alfredo-
dc.contributor.authorBlain, Hugues-Alexandre-
dc.contributor.authorExpósito Barea, Isabel-
dc.contributor.authorLópez-García, Juan Manuel-
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Antón, Mercedes-
dc.contributor.authorAllué, Ethel-
dc.contributor.authorCáceres, Isabel-
dc.contributor.authorHuguet Pàmies, Rosa-
dc.contributor.authorMosquera Martínez, Marina-
dc.contributor.authorOllé Cañellas, Andreu-
dc.contributor.authorRosell, Jordi-
dc.contributor.authorParés, Josep María-
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez, Xosé Pedro-
dc.contributor.authorDíez Fernández-Lomana, Juan Carlos-
dc.contributor.authorRofes, Juan-
dc.contributor.authorSala, Robert-
dc.contributor.authorSaladié Ballesté, Palmira-
dc.contributor.authorVallverdú Poch, Josep-
dc.contributor.authorBennàsar, Maria-
dc.contributor.authorBlasco, Ruth-
dc.contributor.authorBermúdez de Castro, José María-
dc.contributor.authorCarbonell, Eudald-
dc.identifier.citationQuaternary Science Reviews, 2011, 30 (11-12), 1396-1412es_ES
dc.description.abstractThe present paper analyses the evidence provided by three sites (Sima del Elefante, Gran Dolina, and Galería) located in the Trinchera del Ferrocarril of the Sierra de Atapuerca. These three sites are cave infillings that contain sediments deposited from approximately 1.2 Ma to 200 kyr. Pollen, herpetofauna, and small and large mammal remains are used as proxies to obtain a general picture of the environmental changes that occurred at the Sierra de Atapuerca throughout the one million-year period represented at these sites. Similarly, cultural changes are tracked analyzing the evidence of human behavior obtained from the study of several bone and lithic assemblages from these three sites. At least three periods with different cultural features, involving technology, subsistence and behavior, are determined from the available evidence. The first two periods correspond to the Mode 1 technology and Homo antecessor: the first is dated around 1.2 to 1.0 Ma and reflects opportunistic behavior both in technology and subsistence. The second period is around 800 kyr BP. Mode 1 technology is still maintained, but subsistence strategies include systematic hunting and the use of base camps. The third period is dated between 500 ka and 200 ka and corresponds to the Mode 2 technology and the acquisition of directional hunting and other organizational strategies by Homo heidelbergensis. A transition from Mode 2 to Mode 3 seems to appear at the end of this time-range, and may reflect the early phases of a fourth cultural change. With regard to the environment, our main conclusion is that there was an absence of extremely harsh conditions at Atapuerca throughout this time period. The presence of Mediterranean taxa was constant and the dominant landscape was a savannah-like open environment, probably with small forest patches. An alternation of Mediterranean and mesic species as the dominant component of the tree storey was induced by the climatic cycles, and steppes spread across the landscape during the drier periods. In any case, it is not possible to establish clear cut-off points separating entirely different environmental episodes. Our results show no evidence of any relationship between environmental change and cultural change at the Sierra de Atapuerca.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research has been funded by the MICINN projects CGL2009-12703-C03-01, CGL2009-12703-C03-02 and CGL2009-12703-C03-03 and CGL2006-04548/BTE the JCyL GR 249-2008; and the MICINN project HAR2008-01984/HIST. We are also indebted to Fundación Atapuerca, Grupos Consolidados del Gobierno de Aragón and University of Zaragoza for the support provided to this work. Fieldwork at Atapuerca is funded by the Junta de Castilla y León. R. Blasco is beneficiary of a FI Grant from Generalitat de Catalunya and financed by the European Social Found. P Saladié recieved a reaserch grant from Fundación Atapuerca/Duques de Soria and R. Huguet from Fundación Atapuerca. J.M.L.-G. has been supported by a postdoctoral grant from Juan de la Cierva Subprogram, with the financial sponsorship of the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation.es_ES
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 Estados Unidos de América*
dc.titleOne million years of cultural evolution in a stable environment at Atapuerca (Burgos, Spain)es_ES
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología
Geocronología y Geología

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