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Title: The oldest human fossil in Europe, from Orce (Spain)
Authors: Toro, Isidro
Martínez Navarro, Bienvenido
Agustí, Jordi
Bermúdez de Castro, José María
Martinón-Torres, María
Fajardo, Beatriz
Duval, Mathieu
Falguères, Christophe
Oms i Llobet, Oriol
Parés, Josep María
Anadón, P.
Julià Brugués, Ramón
García Aguilar, José Manuel
Moigne, Anne-Marie
Espígares Ortiz, María Patrocinio
Ros-Montoya, Sergio
Palmqvist, Paul
Keywords: Human tooth;Early Pleistocene;Barranco León
Issue Date: Jun-2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Human Evolution, 2013, 65 (1), 1-9
Abstract: The Orce region has one of the best late Pliocene and early Pleistocene continental paleobiological records of Europe. It is situated in the northeastern sector of the intramontane Guadix-Baza Basin (Granada, Andalusia, southern Spain). Here we describe a new fossil hominin tooth from the site of Barranco León, dated between 1.02 and 1.73 Ma (millions of years ago) by Electron Spin Resonance (ESR), which, in combination with paleomagnetic and biochronologic data, is estimated to be close to 1.4 Ma. While the range of dates obtained from these various methods overlaps with those published for the Sima del Elefante hominin locality (1.2 Ma), the overwhelming majority of evidence points to an older age. Thus, at the moment, the Barranco León hominin is the oldest from Western Europe.
ISSN: 0047-2484
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.01.012
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Microscopía y Microtomografía Computarizada
Geocronología y Geología

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