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Title: Late Middle Pleistocene hominin teeth from Panxian Dadong, South China
Authors: Liu, Wu
Schepartz, Lynne Alison
Xing, Song
Miller-Antonio, Sari
Wu, Xiujie
Trinkaus, Erik
Martinón-Torres, María
Keywords: Teeth;Archaic Homo sapiens;Early modern humans;Panxian Dadong;China
Issue Date: May-2013
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Human Evolution, 2013, 64 (5), 337-355
Abstract: The hominin teeth and evidence of hominin activities recovered from 1991 to 2005 at the Panxian Dadong site in South China are dated to the late Middle Pleistocene (MIS 8–6 or ca. 130–300 ka), a period for which very little is known about the morphology of Asian populations. The present study provides the first detailed morphometric description and comparisons of four hominin teeth (I1, C1, P3 and P3) from this site. Our study shows that the Panxian Dadong teeth combine archaic and derived features that align them with Middle and Upper Pleistocene fossils from East and West Asia and Europe. These teeth do not display any typical Neanderthal features and they are generally more derived than other contemporaneous populations from Asia and Africa. However, the derived traits are not diagnostic enough to specifically link the Panxian Dadong teeth to Homo sapiens, a common problem when analyzing the Middle Pleistocene dental record from Africa and Asia. These findings are contextualized in the discussion of the evolutionary course of Asian Middle Pleistocene hominins, and they highlight the necessity of incorporating the Asian fossil record in the still open debate about the origin of H. sapiens.
ISSN: 0047-2484
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2012.10.012
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología

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