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dc.contributor.authorPablos Fernández, Adrián-
dc.contributor.authorMartínez, Ignacio-
dc.contributor.authorLorenzo Merino, Carlos-
dc.contributor.authorSala, Nohemi-
dc.contributor.authorGracia-Téllez, Ana-
dc.contributor.authorArsuaga, Juan Luis-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Human Evolution, 2014, 76, 63-76es_ES
dc.description.abstractThe existence of calcanei in the fossil record prior to modern humans and Neandertals is very scarce. This skeletal element is fundamental to understanding the evolution of the morphology of the foot in human evolution. Here we present and metrically and comparatively describe 29 calcaneus remains from the Middle Pleistocene site of Sima de los Huesos (SH) (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain). These calcanei belong to 15 individuals (nine adults, two adolescents and four immature individuals). The metric and morphological differences in the calcanei among Middle and Late Pleistocene hominins tend to be subtle. However, the calcanei from SH are broad and robust with large articular surfaces and most significantly, exhibit a very projected sustentaculum tali. A biomechanical and phylogenetic interpretation is proffered to explain the observed morphology of these calcanei. It has been possible to propose tentative sex assignments for the SH calcanei based on size, using methods similar to those used to establish sex from the talus bones from SH. The estimation of stature based on the calcaneus provides a mean of 175.3 cm for males and 160.6 for females, which is similar to that obtained using other skeletal parts from the site. In sum, the SH calcanei are robust with a proportionally long tubercle and a projected sustentaculum tali, which are traits shared by Neandertals.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipAna Gracia-Téllez has a Contract-Grant from the Ramón y Cajal Program, RYC-2010-06152. Nohemi Sala has a postdoctoral grant from Fundación Atapuerca. This research has received support from the Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad of Spain (Project CGL2012-38434-C03-01 & 03), AGAUR 2014-SGR-899 project, the Junta de Castilla y León, the European Social Fund (Fondo Social Europeo) and the SYNTHESYS project, which is financed by the European Community Research Infrastructure Action under the FP7 integrating Activities Programme. Field work at the Atapuerca sites is supported by the Junta de Castilla y León and Fundación Atapuerca.es_ES
dc.rightsAtribución-NoComercial-SinDerivadas 3.0 Estados Unidos de América*
dc.subjectHomo heidelbergensises_ES
dc.subjectHomo neanderthalensises_ES
dc.subjectWestern Europees_ES
dc.titleHuman calcanei from the Middle Pleistocene site of Sima de los Huesos (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain)es_ES
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología

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