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Title: Skull base embryology: a multidisciplinary review
Authors: Di Ieva, Antonio
Bruner, Emiliano
Haider, Thomas
Rodella, Luigi Fabrizio
Lee, John M.
Cusimano, Michael D.
Tschabitscher, Manfred
Keywords: Anatomy;Comparative anatomy;Embryology;Skull base;Encephalocele;Pharyngeal arches;Functional craniology
Issue Date: Jun-2014
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Citation: Child's Nervous System, 2014, 30 (6), 991-1000
Abstract: Introduction The skull base represents a central and complex bone structure of the skull and forms the floor of the cranial cavity on which the brain lies. Anatomical knowledge of this particular region is important for understanding several pathologic conditions as well as for planning surgical procedures. Embryology of the cranial base is of great interest due to its pronounced impact on the development of adjacent regions including the brain, neck, and craniofacial skeleton. Materials and methods Information from human and comparative anatomy, anthropology, embryology, surgery, and computed modelling was integrated to provide a perspective to interpret skull base formation and variability within the cranial functional and structural system. Results and conclusions The skull base undergoes an elaborate sequence of development stages and represents a key player in skull, face and brain development. Furthering our holistic understanding of the embryology of the skull base promises to expand our knowledge and enhance our ability to treat associated anomalies.
ISSN: 0256-7040
DOI: 10.1007/s00381-014-2411-x
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología

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