Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://cir.cenieh.es/handle/20.500.12136/3166
Title: Palaeoenvironments and chronology of the Damvlei Later Stone Age site, Free State, South Africa
Authors: Toffolo, Michael B.
Tribolo, Chantal
Horwitz, Rossouw
Liora Kolska, Lloyd
Britt Bousman, C.
Richard, Maïlys
Boaretto, Elisabetta
Miller, Christopher E.
Keywords: Later Stone Age;Palaeoenvironment;Alluvial;Free State;Modder River;Florisian
Issue Date: Dec-2023
Publisher: South African Archaeological Society
Citation: South African Archaeological Bulletin, 2023, 78(219), 57-74
Abstract: The Modder River basin has been the focus of extensive surveys followed by targeted excavations of specific erosional gullies (known locally as dongas), where Middle and Later Stone Age artefacts and fossils are abundant. At Damvlei, a donga located on the left bank of the Modder, lithic artefacts and fossils were observed in the 1990s. Here, we present the results of two seasons of fieldwork (2019/21) at this locality, as well as unpublished surface faunal remains collected in 1995/96. Damvlei formed as a result of overbank deposition of the Modder River, as indicated by micromorphological analysis. The accumulation of the sedimentary sequence beneath the artefact-bearing levels started at 27 ± 3 ka at the earliest, based on optically stimulated luminescence dating. Artefacts, faunal remains, and phytoliths show that the site is characterised by Holocene Later Stone Age technology in an open-grassland environment typical of the terminal Florisian Land Mammal Age. Damvlei expands our knowledge of the Later Stone Age in the western Free State, and highlights the need for more extensive dating programmes aimed at framing human occupation in the central interior of South Africa. © 2023, South African Archaeological Society. All rights reserved.
URI: https://cir.cenieh.es/handle/20.500.12136/3166
ISSN: 0038-1969
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología



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