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Title: Paleomagnetism and age of the Leucite Hills Volcanic complex, Wyoming: Implications for eruptive history, landscape evolution, and the geomagnetic instability timescale (GITS)
Authors: Welsh, J.T.
Feinberg, J.M.
Schneider, E.
Parés, Josep María
Jicha, B.R.
Singer, B.S.
Carroll, A.R.
Keywords: Lamproite;Paleomagnetism;40Ar/39Ar geochronology;Kamikatsura geomagnetic excursion;Leucite Hills Volcanic complex
Issue Date: Dec-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2023, 444, 107942
Abstract: The Leucite Hills Volcanic Field, southwest Wyoming comprises two dozen volcanic features including necks, flows, dikes, and plugs. It has been the focus of many petrologic studies as its volcanic and shallow intrusive rocks are one of the only surficial manifestations of ultrapotassic lamproite. We build on paleomagnetic findings of Sheriff and Shive (1980) by providing further paleomagnetic data from the Boars Tusk dike and Black Rock flows. We also characterize the magnetic mineral assemblage of these lamproites. Principal component analysis of alternating field (AF) and thermal demagnetization data indicate that the dike and breccias of Boars Tusk record a reversed magnetic polarity and the Black Rock lava records a normal polarity, both consistent with previous findings. This recording is typically carried by minerals with coercivities 15 mT and susceptibility measurements indicate magnetite, maghemite, and titanomagnetite as likely magnetic carriers. AF and thermal demagnetization experiments evince secondary magnetizations held by lower coercivity grains, likely caused by lightning strikes. 40Ar/39Ar incremental heating experiments from Boars Tusk and Black Rock give plateau ages of ka and ka, respectively. Recent advances in the chronology of geomagnetic field reversals and excursions during the Quaternary permit integration of the Boars Tusk dike into the lower Matuyama chron, whereas the Black Rock lavas most probably record the Kamikatsura excursion. Notably, Black Rock records high inclinations that suggest the short-lived excursion achieved a full geomagnetic reversal, something not observed at other localities recording the Kamikatsura excursion. The Leucite Hills offer further opportunities to refine the Quaternary geomagnetic instability time scale (GITS), and to improve understanding of the eruptive and geomorphic evolution of this unusual volcanism.
ISSN: 1872-6097
DOI: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2023.107942
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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