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Title: Early Homo erectus lived at high altitudes and produced both Oldowan and Acheulean tools
Authors: Mussi, Margherita
Skinner, Matthew M.
Melis, Rita T.
Panera Gallego, Joaquín
Rubio Jara, Susana
Davies, Thomas W.
Geraads, Denis
Bocherens, Hervé
Briatico, Giuseppe
Le Cabec, Adeline
Hublin, Jean-Jacques
Gidna, Agness
Bonnefille, Raymonde
Di Bianco, Luca
Méndez Quintas, Eduardo
Issue Date: Nov-2023
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Citation: Science, 2023, 382 (6671), 713-718
Abstract: In Africa, the scarcity of hominin remains found in direct association with stone tools has hindered attempts to link Homo habilis and Homo erectus with particular lithic industries. The infant mandible discovered in level E at Garba IV (Melka Kunture) on the highlands of Ethiopia is critical to this issue due to its direct association with an Oldowan lithic industry. Here, we use synchrotron imaging to examine the internal morphology of the unerupted permanent dentition and confirm its identification as Homo erectus. Additionally, we utilize new palaeomagnetic ages to show that (i) the mandible in level E is ca. 2 million-years-old, and represents one of the earliest Homo erectus fossils, and (ii) that overlying level D, ca. 1.95 million-years-old, contains the earliest known Acheulean assemblage.
ISSN: 0036-8075
DOI: 10.1126/science.add9115
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Arqueología

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