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Title: The first Miocene fossils from coastal woodlands in the southern East African Rift
Authors: Bobe, René
Aldeias, Vera
Alemseged, Zeresenay
Anemone, Robert L.
Archer, Will
Aumaître, Georges
Bamford, Marion K. ‎
Biro, Dora
Bourlès, Didier L.
Doyle Boyd, Melissa
Braun, David R.
Capelli, Cristian
d’Oliveira Coelho, João
Habermann, Jörg M.
Head, Jason J.
Keddadouche, Karim
Kupczik, Kornelius
Lebatard, Anne-Elisabeth
Lüdecke, Tina
Macôa, Amélia
Martínez, Felipe I.
Mathe, Jacinto
Mendes, Clara
Meira Paulo, Luis
Pinto, Maria
Presnyakova, Darya
Püschel, Thomas A.
Tátá Regala, Frederico
Sier, Mark Jan
Ferreira da Silva, Maria Joana
Stalmans, Marc
Carvalho, Susana
Keywords: Geochemistry;Evolutionary biology;Forestry
Issue Date: Sep-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: iScience, 2023, 26(9), 107644
Abstract: The Miocene was a key time in the evolution of African ecosystems witnessing the origin of the African apes and the isolation of eastern coastal forests through an expanding arid corridor. Until recently, however, Miocene sites from the southeastern regions of the continent were unknown. Here, we report the first Miocene fossil teeth from the shoulders of the Urema Rift in Gorongosa National Park, Mozambique. We provide the first 1) radiometric ages of the Mazamba Formation, 2) reconstructions of paleovegetation in the region based on pedogenic carbonates and fossil wood, and 3) descriptions of fossil teeth. Gorongosa is unique in the East African Rift in combining marine invertebrates, marine vertebrates, reptiles, terrestrial mammals, and fossil woods in coastal paleoenvironments. The Gorongosa fossil sites offer the first evidence of woodlands and forests on the coastal margins of southeastern Africa during the Miocene, and an exceptional assemblage of fossils including new species.
ISSN: 2589-0042
DOI: 10.1016/j.isci.2023.107644
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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