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Title: Comparative study of manual identification of brain foldings in a living human brain using a proxy-endocast obtained from MRI
Authors: Labra, Nicole
Leprince, Yann
Rivière, Denis
Santin, Mathieu
Mangin, Jean François
Albessard, Lou
Beaudet, Amélie
Broadfield, Douglas
Bruner, Emiliano
Carlson, Kristian J.
Cofran, Zachary
Falk, Dean
Gilissen, Emmanuel
Gómez-Robles, Aida
Neubauer, Simon
Pearson, Alannah
Röding, Carolin
Zhang, Yameng
Mounier, Aurélien
Balzeau, Antoine
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Société d'Anthropologie de Paris
Citation: Bulletins et mémoires de la Société d’Anthropologie de Paris [En ligne], 2023, 35(S)
Abstract: The use of virtual endocasts allows investigation of the folding configurations of the cerebral cortex of extinct species. However, is that really possible? Our goal is to help answer this question by qualifying and quantifying the subjective identifications of the foldings on endocasts compared to their real configurations on the brain. We invited 14 paleoneurologists to manually reconstruct the foldings they could recognize in a proxy-endocast obtained from an in-vivo MRI. MRI data were obtained on a volunteer (female, 33 y/o) during a unique session with complementary sequences. The brain structures segmentation and the folding labelling were obtained with Morphologist with the T1. The MRI UTE sequence was used to segment the bone and create the proxy-endocast with the BrainVisa software. Paleoneurologists were asked to label the endocast. Their manual reconstructions were compared with the real sulci using the Dice index in conjunction with a similarity measure based on position and shape of the foldings. Results show that foldings located closer to the base of the skull are more accurately identified in location and shape than those located in the superior region of the brain, such as the Central Sulcus that was largely misidentified and positioned closer to the precentral region. Traces that appear to be foldings but are not were also identified. The nature of some of these traces remains unknown while in particular one misidentified trace corresponds to another type of structure: the parieto-occipital suture. We hope that the information presented in this work will help the palaeoanthropology community to be more careful with the identification of foldings that might be false or largely misidentified and to validate those that are generally well reconstructed, providing support and confidence in the subsequent studies that derive from them.
Description: Ponencia presentada en: Colloque annuel 1848es Journées de la Société d’Anthropologie de Paris, 25-27 de enero de 2023, París, Francia
ISSN: 1777-5469
DOI: 10.4000/bmsap.11242
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Type: Presentation
Appears in Collections:Congresos, encuentros científicos y estancias de investigación

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