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Title: The use of paleoclimate simulations to refine the environmental and chronological context of archaeological/paleontological sites
Authors: Terray, Léa
Stoetzel, Emmanuelle
Ben Arous, Eslem
Kageyama, Masa
Cornette, Raphaël
Braconnot, Pascale
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Copernicus
Citation: Copernicus GmbH, 2022 [Preprint]
Abstract: This study illustrates the strong potential of combining paleoenvironmental reconstructions and paleoclimate modeling to refine the paleoenvironmental and chronological context of archaeological and paleontological sites. We focus on the El Harhoura 2 cave (EH2), an archeological site located on the North-Atlantic coast of Morocco that covers a period from the Late Pleistocene to the mid-Holocene. On several stratigraphic layers, inconsistencies are observed between species- and isotope-based inferences used to reconstruct paleoenvironmental conditions. The stratigraphy of EH2 also shows chronological inconsistencies on older layers between age estimated by Optical Stimulated Luminescence (OSL) and Combination of Uranium Series and Electron Spin Resonance methods (combined US-ESR). We performed paleoclimate simulations to infer the global paleoclimate variations over the EH2 sequence in the area, and we conducted a consistency approach between paleoclimate reconstruction estimated from simulations and available from EH2 paleoenvironmental inferences. Our main conclusion show that the climate sequence based on combined US-ESR ages is more consistent with paleoenvironmental inferences than the climate sequence based on OSL ages. We also evidence that isotope-based inferences are more congruent with the paleoclimate sequence than species-based inferences. These results highlight the difference in scale between the information provided by each of these paleoenvironmental proxies. Our approach is transferable to other sites due to the increase number of available paleoclimate simulations.
DOI: 10.5194/cp-2022-81
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Type: Preprint
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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