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Title: Gona, Ethiopia: Microcosm of the Stone Age
Authors: Rogers, Michael J.
Semaw, Sileshi
Stinchcomb, Gary E.
Quade, Jay
Levin, Naomi E.
Cauche, Dominique
Issue Date: 2023
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Handbook of Pleistocene Archaeology of Africa, 2023, 353-372
Abstract: The Gona paleoanthropological field project in the Afar region of Ethiopia has long been associated with the earliest Oldowan stone tools. However, over the last 20 years, ongoing research at Gona has expanded its contributions considerably, producing fossils of Ardipithecus kadabba, Ardipithecus ramidus, and Homo erectus, as well as additional archaeological evidence of the earliest Oldowan and early Acheulean. Moreover, in the last few years, the Gona team has turned its attention to the younger deposits exposed in its study area and discovered a surprising number of Middle Stone Age (MSA) and Later Stone Age (LSA) archaeological sites, mostly from the Late Pleistocene to the early-middle Holocene. While any sedimentary sequence is incomplete by virtue of episodic depositional and erosional events over time, we are struck by the relative completeness of the archaeological sequence at Gona (Quade et al., 2008). The hominin fossils attract deserved attention, but the Gona project may ultimately be best known for preserving arguably the most extensive, detailed, and continuous Stone Age or Paleolithic archaeological sequence in the world, all contained within a small 25 km × 10 km area, approximately half of the total project area.
ISBN: 9783031202896
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-031-20290-2_21
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Type: Book chapter
Appears in Collections:Arqueología

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