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Title: The fallow deer Dama celiae sp. nov. with two-pointed antlers from the Middle Pleistocene of Madrid, a contemporary of humans with Acheulean technology
Authors: Van der Made, Jan
Rodríguez‑Alba, Juan José
Martos, Juan Antonio
Gamarra, Jesús
Rubio Jara, Susana
Panera Gallego, Joaquín
Yravedra, José
Keywords: New species;Cervidae;Evolution;Manzanares valley;Cut marks
Issue Date: Apr-2023
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 2023, 15(4), 41
Abstract: We describe fossils of a new species of fallow deer, Dama celiae. It is the end member of the lineage Dama farnetensis–D. vallonnetensis–D. roberti–D. celiae, which reduced the number of points of the antler from four to two, while the parallel lineage leading to the living fallow deer evolved more complex and palmate antlers. The fossils are from localities Pedro Jaro I and Orcasitas in the + 25–30-m terrace of the Manzanares river, which is correlated to MIS9 (337–300 ka) and which also yielded fossils of Megaloceros matritensis, a recently named species, end member of a lineage that survived longer than previously believed. A younger terrace of the Manzanares yielded remains of Haploidoceros, a rare deer known from two older localities in southern France and one younger locality in Spain. So many rare deer species in this valley indicates either endemism and a very special environment or that the record of fossil deer is much less known than generally assumed. Until recently, the European Middle Pleistocene record of deer had only one middle-sized species at a time. Now, it appears that there were up to three contemporaneous species of the size of a fallow deer. Acheulean lithic assemblages have been documented from the same sites as Dama celiae. This species was contemporaneous to Neanderthals with Acheulean culture. Cut marks suggest that it was consumed by them and probably was hunted.
ISSN: 1866-9565
DOI: 10.1007/s12520-023-01734-3
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Arqueología

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