Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: A taphonomic analysis of PTK (Bed I, Olduvai Gorge) and its bearing on the interpretation of the dietary and eco-spatial behaviors of early humans
Authors: Organista, Elia
Moclán, Abel
Aramendi, Julia
Cobo-Sánchez, Lucía
Egeland, Charles Peter
Uribelarrea, David
Martín-Perea, David Manuel
Vegara-Riquelme, Marina
Hernández-Vivanco, Lucía
Gidna, Agness Onna
Mabulla, Audax
Baquedano, Enrique
Domínguez-Rodrigo, Manuel
Keywords: Taphonomy;Olduvai gorge;Early pleistocene;Meat-eating
Issue Date: Jan-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Quaternary Science Reviews, 2023, 300, 107913
Abstract: Here, we present a thorough taphonomic analysis of the 1.84 million-year-old site of Phillip Tobias Korongo (PTK), Bed I, Olduvai Gorge. PTK is one of the new archaeological sites documented on the FLK Zinj paleolandscape, in which FLK 22 level was deposited and covered by Tuff IC. Therefore, PTK is pene-contemporary with these sites: FLK Zinj, DS, AMK and AGS. The occurrence of these sites within a thin clay unit of ∼20 cm, occupying not only the same vertically discrete stratigraphic unit, but also the same paleosurface, with an exceptional preservation of the archaeological record in its primary depositional locus, constitutes a unique opportunity to explore early hominin behavioral diversity at the most limited geochronological scale possible. The Olduvai Bed I sites have been the core of behavioral modelling for the past half a century, and the newly discovered sites, excavated with 21st century technology, will increase significantly our understanding of early human adaptive patterns. Here, we present PTK as another assemblage where faunal resources were acquired by hominins prior to any carnivore, and where stone-tool assisted bulk defleshing was carried out. The abundance of juvenile individuals extends our understanding, as in Kanjera (Kenya), about the hunting skills of early Homo sensu lato. The increasing number of sites, where bulk defleshing of small and medium-sized carcasses took place is underscoring the importance of meat in the diets of some of the early hominins, and their patterned use of the space for food processing and consumption. The patterning emerging has a profound importance for the evolution of some of the features that have traditionally been used to identify the behavior of the genus Homo.
ISSN: 0277-3791
DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2022.107913
Editor version:
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Arqueología

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons