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Title: Dating of Holocene Sedimentary and Paleosol Sequence within the Guadalentín Depression (Murcia, SE Spain): Paleoclimatic Implications and Paleoseismic Signals
Authors: Silva, Pablo G.
Roquero, Elvira
Medialdea, Alicia
Bardají Azcárate, Teresa
Élez, Javier
Rodríguez-Pascua, Miguel A.
Keywords: Holocene;Sedimentary sequence;OSL chronology;Radiocarbon dating;Paleosols;Bronze Age;Roman Period;Paleoclimate;Betic cordillera;Guadalentín Depression;SE Spain
Issue Date: Dec-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Geosciences, 2022, 12, 459
Abstract: This work presents the chronology of the Holocene filling of the Guadalentín Tectonic Depression (Murcia, SE Spain) combining 14C and OSL age data. This work studies the sediments and paleosols interbedded in the sedimentary sequence between Totana and Librilla, using as reference the Espuña Karting section (Alhama de Murcia), which has been fully sampled for its geochronological analysis. The entire dated sequences record the last c. 20–19 ka BP, although local basal travertine beds extend back to the Late Pleistocene (30–33 ka). Soil morphology and properties from dated paleosols record different environmental crises in SE Spain, but also a progressive aridification throughout the Holocene. The Chalcolithic Paleosol develops soon after c. 4.6–4.0 BP, nearly coinciding with the start of the Meghalayan stage, evidencing a drastic change from relatively humid to arid conditions, coincident with the crisis of the Copper Age civilizations in Spain. The Bronze Age paleosol also developed under arid but relatively more humid conditions, indicating a more important and longer gap in the sedimentary sequence soon after c. 2.5–2.7 ka BP. This stop in the sedimentation are correlative to the first stages of fluvial incision at basin center locations and the desiccation and fragmentation of the ancient wetlands coinciding with the collapse of the Bronze Age civilizations in SE Spain (Argaric Culture). During the Ibero-Roman Humid Period (IRHP), c. 2.6–1.6 ka BP, the last pedogenic cycle occurred under relatively humid conditions. This preluded the progressive establishment of exorheic fluvial environments as well as a period of paleoseismic activity in the area around 2.0–1.8 ka BP.
ISSN: 2076-3263
DOI: 10.3390/geosciences12120459
Editor version: /10.3390/geosciences12120459
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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