Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12136/280
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Title: The Punta Lucero Quarry site (Zierbena, Bizkaia): a window into the Middle Pleistocene in the Northern Iberian Peninsula
Authors: Gómez-Olivencia, Azier
Sala, Nohemi
Arceredillo Alonso, Diego
García García, Nuria
Martínez-Pillado, Virginia
Ríos Garaizar, Joseba
Gárate Maidagán, Diego
Solar, Gonzalo
Líbano, Iñaki
Keywords: Galerian;Homotherium latidens;Canis mosbachensis;Panthera gombaszoegensis;Natural trap
Issue Date: Aug-2015
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Quaternary Science Reviews, 2015, 121, 52-74
Abstract: The period between the end of the Early Pleistocene and the mid-Middle Pleistocene (roughly between 1.0 and 0.4 Ma BP) is of great interest in Western Europe. It witnessed several climatic oscillations and changes in the fauna, the demise of a hominin species and the appearance of another, along with important cultural and technological changes. Thus, the few available sites with these chronologies is vital to the understanding of the tempo and mode of these changes. Middle Pleistocene sites in the Northern Iberian Peninsula are very rare. Here we present the study of the site found at the Punta Lucero Quarry (Biscay province, Northern Iberian Peninsula), which includes for the first time the complete collection from the site. The fossil association from this site includes several ungulates, such as a Megacerine deer, Cervus elaphus, large bovids (likely both Bos primigenius and Bison sp. are present), Stephanorhinus sp., and carnivores, such as Homotherium latidens, Panthera gombaszoegensis, Canis mosbachensis and Vulpes sp. This association is typical of a middle Middle Pleistocene chronology and would be the oldest macro-mammal site in the Eastern Cantabrian region. This site would likely correspond to a chronology after Mode 1 technological complex and before the arrival of Mode 2 technology in this region. Thus, it offers a glimpse into the paleoecological conditions slightly prior to or contemporaneous with the first Acheulian makers in the northern fringe of the Iberian Peninsula.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12136/280
ISSN: 0277-3791
1873-457X
DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.05.001
metadata.dc.relation.publisherversion: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.05.001
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Arqueología
Series de Uranio



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