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Title: San Quirce (Palencia, Spain): new chronologies for the Lower to Middle Palaeolithic transition of south-west Europe
Authors: Terradillos-Bernal, Marcos
Demuro, Martina
Arnold, Lee J.
Jordá Pardo, Jesús Francisco
Clemente Conte, Ignacio
Benito-Calvo, Alfonso
Díez Fernández-Lomana, Juan Carlos
Keywords: Lower to Middle Palaeolithic transition;MIS 8‐7;Open‐air campsite;pIR‐IR dating;TT‐OSL dating
Issue Date: Jan-2023
Publisher: Wiley
Citation: Journal of Quaternary Science, 2023, 38(1), 21-37
Abstract: San Quirce is an open-air archaeological site situated on a fluvial terrace in the Duero basin (Palencia, northern Iberia). This paper presents new and consistent chronologies obtained for the sedimentary sequence using post-infrared infrared stimulated luminescence (pIR-IR) dating of K-feldspars and single-grain thermally transferred optically stimulated luminescence (TT-OSL) dating of quartz. The new dating results indicate that the sequence is older than ~200 000 years and place San Quirce Level III within marine isotope stages (MIS) 8 and 7, between 274 ± 13 ka and 238 ± 13 ka. The main lithic assemblage at San Quirce comes from Level III. The predominant tool types found in this level are hammerstones, manuports and flakes, with a small proportion of cores and a significant presence of denticulates. Adaptation to local environmental conditions resulted in distinctive cultural habits, which were embedded in the cultural tradition of hominins occupying the site during the final third of the Middle Pleistocene. San Quirce preserves a simple cultural tradition that was employed by local hominins to engage in a diverse array of activities, and highlights the cultural diversity that appears to have been a characteristic feature of the Lower to Middle Palaeolithic transition 300–200 ka.
ISSN: 0267-8179
DOI: 10.1002/jqs.3460
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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