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|Title:||Food made us human: Recent genetic variability and its relevance to the current distribution of macronutrients|
Mateos Cachorro, Ana
Casuso, Rafael A.
Huertas, Jesús R.
|Keywords:||Human evolution;Mutations;Brain development;Feeding;Macronutrients;Dietary trends|
|Citation:||Nutrition, 2022, 101, 111702|
|Abstract:||Numerous dietary strategies are currently used for the prevention of metabolic diseases and for weight loss. Some of the strategies that are used do not have an appropriate physiological-nutritional basis and do not take into account the genetic changes that have occurred recently. Thus, in certain cases, they can be harmful to human health. This review aims to explain the genetic mutations that have occurred during human evolution from the first hominids to Homo sapiens and to explain how they have influenced the way we feed ourselves. Some mutations favored brain development and others are related to the digestion of nutrients such as lactose and starch. The influence of the domestication of food and the practice of cooking on human nutrition is also explained. In addition, this review intends to justify the current recommendations on the caloric distribution of macronutrients based on the important influence of genetic changes and adaptations that have occurred in our species.|
|Appears in Collections:||Paleobiología|
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|Food made us humans Recent genetic variability and its relevance 2 to the current distribution of macronutrients_Palma-Morales et al_2022.pdf||1.42 MB||Adobe PDF|
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