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Title: Unearthing Neanderthal population history using nuclear and mitochondrial DNA from cave sediments
Authors: Vernot, Benjamin John Hopson‏
Zavala, Elena I.
Gómez-Olivencia, Asier
Jacobs, Zenobia
Slon, Viviane
Mafessoni, Fabrizio
Romagné, Frédéric
Pearson, Alice
Petr, Martin
Sala, Nohemi
Pablos Fernández, Adrián
Aranburu Artano, Arantza
Bermúdez de Castro, José María
Carbonell, Eudald
Li, Bo
Krajcarz, Maciej T.
Krivoshapkin, Andrey I.
Kolobova, Kseniya A.
Kozlikin, Maxim B.
Shunkov, Michael V.
Derevianko, Anatoly P.
Viola, Bence
Grote, Steffi
Essel, Elena
López Herráez, David
Nagel, Sarah
Nickel, Birgit
Richter, Julia
Schmidt, Anna
Peter, Benjamin
Kelso, Helena
Roberts, Richard G.
Arsuaga, Juan Luis
Meyer, Matthias
Issue Date: May-2021
Publisher: American Association for the Advancement of Science
Citation: Science, 2021, 372 (6542), eabf1667
Abstract: Bones and teeth are important sources of Pleistocene hominin DNA, but are rarely recovered at archaeological sites. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has been retrieved from cave sediments but provides limited value for studying population relationships. We therefore developed methods for the enrichment and analysis of nuclear DNA from sediments and applied them to cave deposits in western Europe and southern Siberia dated to between 200,000 and 50,000 years ago. We detected a population replacement in northern Spain about 100,000 years ago, which was accompanied by a turnover of mtDNA. We also identified two radiation events in Neanderthal history during the early part of the Late Pleistocene. Our work lays the ground for studying the population history of ancient hominins from trace amounts of nuclear DNA in sediments.
ISSN: 0036-8075
DOI: 10.1126/science.abf1667
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología

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