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Title: An Early Pleistocene hominin mandible from Atapuerca-TD6, Spain
Authors: Carbonell, Eudald
Bermúdez de Castro, José María
Arsuaga, Juan Luis
Allué, Ethel
Bastir, Markus
Benito-Calvo, Alfonso
Cáceres, Isabel
Canals Salomó, Antoni
Díez Fernández-Lomana, Juan Carlos
Made, Jan van der
Mosquera Martínez, Marina
Ollé Cañellas, Andreu
Pérez-González, Alfredo
Rodríguez, Jesús
Rodríguez, Xosé Pedro
Rosas, Antonio
Rosell, Jordi
Sala, Robert
Vallverdú Poch, Josep
Vergès Bosch, Josep María
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Citation: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences , 2005, 102 (16), 5674-5678
Abstract: We present a mandible recovered in 2003 from the Aurora Stratum of the TD6 level of the Gran Dolina site (Sierra de Atapuerca, northern Spain). The specimen, catalogued as ATD6-96, adds to the hominin sample recovered from this site in 1994–1996, and assigned to Homo antecessor. ATD6-96 is the left half of a gracile mandible belonging to a probably female adult individual with premolars and molars in place. This mandible shows a primitive structural pattern shared with all African and Asian Homo species. However, it is small and exhibits a remarkable gracility, a trait shared only with the Early and Middle Pleistocene Chinese hominins. Furthermore, none of the mandibular features considered apomorphic in the European Middle and Early Upper Pleistocene hominin lineage are present in ATD6-96. This evidence reinforces the taxonomic identity of H. antecessor and is consistent with the hypothesis of a close relationship between this species and Homo sapiens.
ISSN: 0027-8424
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0501841102
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología

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