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Title: Matuyama-age lithic tools from the Sima del Elefante site, Atapuerca (northern Spain)
Authors: Parés, Josep María
Pérez-González, Alfredo
Rosas, Antonio
Benito-Calvo, Alfonso
Bermúdez de Castro, José María
Carbonell, Eudald
Huguet Pàmies, Rosa
Keywords: Early Pleistocene;Geomagnetic reversals;Paleomagnetism;Matuyama and Brunhes Chrons;Iberian Peninsula;Eurasia
Issue Date: Feb-2006
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Human Evolution, 2006, 50 (2), 163-169
Abstract: Paleomagnetic results obtained from the sedimentary fill at the Sima del Elefante site in Atapuerca, Spain, reveal a geomagnetic reversal, interpreted as the Matuyama-Brunhes boundary (0.78 Ma). The uppermost lithostratigraphic units (E17 through E19), which contain Mode II and III archaeological assemblages, display normal polarity magnetization, whereas the six lowermost units (E9 through E16) yield negative latitudinal virtual geomagnetic pole positions. Units E9 through E13, all of which display reverse magnetic polarity, contain Mode I (Oldowan) lithic tools, testifying to the presence of humans in the early Pleistocene (0.78–1.77 Ma).
ISSN: 0047-2484
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2005.08.011
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología

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