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Title: Cueva Negra del Estrecho del Río Quípar: a dated Late Early Pleistocene Palaeolithic site in Southeastern Spain
Authors: Walker, Michael J.
Haber Uriarte, María
López Jiménez, Antonio
López Martínez, Mariano V.
Martín Lerma, Ignacio
Made, Jan van der
Duval, Mathieu
Grün, Rainer
Keywords: Spain;Late Early Pleistocene;Palaeolithic;ESR-Useries dating;Palaeontology
Issue Date: Dec-2020
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Journal of Paleolithic Archaeology, 2020, 3, 816-855
Abstract: Systematic excavation and multidisciplinary research undertaken over three decades have deepened our understanding of the early Palaeolithic archaeology at Cueva Negra del Estrecho del Río Quípar (Caravaca de la Cruz, Murcia, Spain). New results from biochronology and combined ESR and U-series dating corroborate previous magnetostratigraphy, placing the entire excavated sequence between the Jaramillo sub-chron and the Matuyama-Brunhes boundary (i.e. ca. 990–772 thousand years ago (ka)); palaeontological and palynological findings reflect temperate environmental conditions. A bifacially flaked limestone hand axe was excavated 1 m below the top of the Pleistocene sequence. The Equus cf. altidens tooth that provided the ESR estimate was excavated 1 m below the hand axe. Throughout its 5-m-deep sedimentary sequence, small nodules, fragments and struck flakes make up the bulk of the Palaeolithic assemblage. Stratigraphical analysis points to undisturbed continuous sedimentary deposition above a layer of ashy sediment, encountered 4.5 m below the top of the Pleistocene sequence, which contained thermally altered bone and heat-shattered chert cores and flakes. Cueva Negra is among the earliest European sites with firm evidence of combustion.
ISSN: 2520-8217
DOI: 10.1007/s41982-020-00062-5
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Laboratorio de Geología
Geocronología y Geología

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