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Title: The first hominin of Europe
Authors: Carbonell, Eudald
Bermúdez de Castro, José María
Parés, Josep María
Pérez-González, Alfredo
Cuenca Bescós, Gloria
Ollé Cañellas, Andreu
Mosquera Martínez, Marina
Huguet Pàmies, Rosa
Made, Jan van der
Rosas, Antonio
Sala, Robert
Vallverdú Poch, Josep
García García, Nuria
Granger, Darryl E.
Martinón-Torres, María
Rodríguez, Xosé Pedro
Stock, Greg M. ‎
Vergès Bosch, Josep María
Allué, Ethel
Burjachs i Casas, Francesc
Cáceres, Isabel
Canals Salomó, Antoni
Benito-Calvo, Alfonso
Díez, Carlos
Lozano Ruiz, Marina
Mateos Cachorro, Ana
Navazo Ruiz, Marta
Rodríguez, Jesús
Rosell, Jordi
Arsuaga, Juan Luis
Issue Date: Mar-2008
Publisher: Nature Research
Citation: Nature, 2008, 452, 465-469
Abstract: The earliest hominin occupation of Europe is one of the most debated topics in palaeoanthropology. However, the purportedly oldest of the Early Pleistocene sites in Eurasia lack precise age control and contain stone tools rather than human fossil remains1,2,3,4,5. Here we report the discovery of a human mandible associated with an assemblage of Mode 1 lithic tools and faunal remains bearing traces of hominin processing, in stratigraphic level TE9 at the site of the Sima del Elefante, Atapuerca, Spain6,7,8. Level TE9 has been dated to the Early Pleistocene (approximately 1.2–1.1 Myr), based on a combination of palaeomagnetism, cosmogenic nuclides and biostratigraphy. The Sima del Elefante site thus emerges as the oldest, most accurately dated record of human occupation in Europe, to our knowledge. The study of the human mandible suggests that the first settlement of Western Europe could be related to an early demographic expansion out of Africa. The new evidence, with previous findings in other Atapuerca sites (level TD6 from Gran Dolina9,10,11,12,13), also suggests that a speciation event occurred in this extreme area of the Eurasian continent during the Early Pleistocene, initiating the hominin lineage represented by the TE9 and TD6 hominins.
ISSN: 0028-0836
DOI: 10.1038/nature06815
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología
Geocronología y Geología

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