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Title: The Koskobilo (Olazti, Navarre, Northern Iberian Peninsula) paleontological collection: new insights for the Middle and Late Pleistocene in Western Pyrenees
Authors: Gómez-Olivencia, Azier
Arlegi, Mikel
Arceredillo Alonso, Diego
Delson, Eric
Sanchis Serra, Alfred
Núñez-Lahuerta, Carmen
Fernández-García, Mónica
Villalba, Mónica
Galán García, Julia
Pablos Fernández, Adrián
Rodríguez-Hidalgo, Antonio
López Horgue, Miguel Ángel
Rodríguez-Almagro, Manuel
Martínez-Pillado, Virginia
Ríos Garaizar, Joseba
Made, Jan van der
Keywords: Middle Pleistocene;Late Pleistocene;Western Pyrenees;Dhole;Macaque;Asian black bear;Deninger's bear
Issue Date: Nov-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Quaternary International, 2020, 566-567, 113-140
Abstract: The destroyed site(s) of Koskobilo (Olazti, Navarre, Northern Iberian Peninsula) have yielded unique archaeo-paleontological evidence in the Western Pyrenees region. The quarry uncovered a karstic site with faunal remains in 1940, and fossils were recovered both in situ and from the quarry dump. Ten years later, while the quarry was still working, a new visit to the dump yielded a large lithic assemblage and additional fossil remains with a different taphonomic pattern, which has been interpreted as the remains coming from a different site or zone within the same karst system. Here we re-study the paleontological evidence and provide new dating on a speleothem covering a Stephanorhinus hemitoechus tooth, which has yielded a minimum date of c. 220 ka for part of the assemblage. In total, the fossil assemblage comprises 38 mammal and six avian taxa and three fish remains. The faunal evidence indicates that in 1940 a mix of taxa from both the Middle and Upper Pleistocene were recovered, and it is difficult to assign most of them to a concrete period. However, based on biochronological criteria some of the identified taxa (e.g., Ursus thibetanus, Ursus cf. deningeri, Cuon cf. priscus, Macaca sylvanus, cf. Megaceroides) could be roughly contemporaneous with the dated rhino tooth, which would provide a new window to the Middle Pleistocene of the region, with deposits from MIS 7d and/or older. Despite the difficulties in studying this collection, recovered without stratigraphic context and in a salvage operation, Koskobilo has yielded an important paleontological assemblage which helps to understand the paleoecology of the Middle Pleistocene human occupations in the Western Pyrenees.
ISSN: 1040-6182
DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2020.06.005
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología

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