Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12136/2149
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Title: Eurasian gates: the earliest human dispersals
Authors: Carbonell, Eudald
Mosquera Martínez, Marina
Rodríguez, Xosé Pedro
Bermúdez de Castro, José María
Burjachs i Casas, Francesc
Rosell, Jordi
Sala, Robert
Vallverdú Poch, Josep
Keywords: Eurasia;Hominin dispersals;Socialization of technology;Generalist diet;Climate;Subsistence
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Citation: Journal of Anthropological Research, 2008, 64 (2), 195-228
Abstract: This paper revises the current state of the debate about the earliest hominin dispersals out of Africa. First we review the archaeological evidence for the earliest occupation of Asia and Europe. Next we summarize the environmental parameters related to the earliest phases of human evolution--specifically, climatic implications for human adaptations andfaunal dispersals. We discuss which were the first hominins to leave Africa, and we propose the invention of technology as a fundamental step for the development of our genus, likely related to changes in subsistence and diet during the late Pliocene and early Pleistocene. From our point of view, hominins were able to generalize the use of technology, as well as to generate, integrate, and diffuse new information into their collective social behavior. We refer to this concept as "socialization." Hence, technology and the socialization thereof became integral aspects of the ecological niche of hominins.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12136/2149
ISSN: 0091-7710
2153-3806
DOI: 10.3998/jar.0521004.0064.202
Editor version: https://doi.org/10.3998/jar.0521004.0064.202
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología

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