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Title: Late subadult ontogeny and adult aging of the human thorax reveals divergent growth trajectories between sexes
Authors: García-Martínez, Daniel
Bastir, Markus
Villa, Chiara
García-Río, Francisco
Torres-Sánchez, Isabel
Recheis, Wolfgang
Barash, Alon ‎
Khonsari, Roman Hossein ‎
O’Higgins, Paul M.
Meyer, Marc R.
Heuzé, Yann
Keywords: Anthropology;Evolution;Evolutionary developmental biology;Palaeontology
Issue Date: Jul-2020
Publisher: Nature Research
Citation: Scientific Reports, 2020, 10, 10737
Abstract: Sexual dimorphism is an important feature of adult thorax morphology, but when and how sex-related differences in the ribcage arise during ontogeny is poorly known. Previous research proposed that sex-related size differences in the nasal region arise during puberty. Therefore, we explore whether ribcage sexual dimorphism also arises at that time and whether this sexual dimorphism is maintained until old age. We measured 526 (semi)landmarks on 80 CT-based human ribcage reconstructions, on individuals ranging from 7 to 65 year-old. The 3D coordinates were submitted to the Procrustes superimposition and analyzed. Our results show that the trajectories of thorax size and shape between sexes diverge at around 12 years of age, and continue slightly diverging until old age. The differential ontogenetic trends cause adult male ribcages to become deeper, shorter, and wider than female. Our results are consistent with the evidence from the cranial respiratory system, with the development of sexual dimorphism probably related to changes in body composition during puberty combined with changes in the reproductive system.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-67664-5
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología

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