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Title: The fossil evidence of human brain evolution
Authors: Bruner, Emiliano
Keywords: Brain morphology;Brain thermoregulation;Cognitive archaeology;Cranial integration;Craniovascular evolution;Digital anatomy;Encephalization;Endocasts;Evolutionary neuroanatomy;Functional craniology;Paleoneurology;Sulcal pattern
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Academic Press
Citation: Evolutionary Neuroscience, 2020, 769-802
Abstract: Paleoneurology deals with the anatomical and morphological analysis of the endocranial cavity in fossil species. Brain size, brain proportions, sulcal patterns, and craniovascular traits can be investigated by comparing living and extinct taxa. Digital anatomy and computed morphometrics represent a major advance in this field, supplying tools for the reconstruction of cranial and endocranial spatial relationships, and for multivariate analyses of the patterns of integration behind the observed phenotypic variability. The study of the relationships between brain and braincase is crucial to understand brain morphology in terms of evolutionary neuroanatomy. In particular, primary neural changes due to intrinsic cerebral factors should be separated from secondary morphological changes due to cranial constraints.
ISBN: 978-0-12-820584-6
DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-12-820584-6.00032-5
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Type: Book chapter
Appears in Collections:Paleobiología

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