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Title: A neo-taphonomic approach to human campsites modified by carnivores
Authors: Arilla Osuna, Maite
Rosell, Jordi
Blasco, Ruth
Keywords: Behavioural ecology;Palaeoecology
Issue Date: May-2020
Publisher: Nature Research
Citation: Scientific Reports, 2020, 10, 6659
Abstract: Skeletal profiles at archaeological bone assemblages can bear little resemblance to original hominin discarded bone elements. Resulting patterns might originate from different taphonomic problems, such as hominin-carnivore activities in alternate visits, and lead to interpretation issues. In this paper, we present a study of predepositional scattering activities caused by small-sized carnivores on simulated short-term hominin campsites. Their disrupting actions affect skeletal element survival considerably and, to a lesser extent, the spatial distribution of hearth-related assemblages. The results of this study demonstrate that small-sized carnivores might cause as much disruption as large-sized ones. Thus, being able to recognize these taphonomic processes and their consequences is critical when discerning between human and non-human behaviour.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-63431-8
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Arqueología

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