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Title: Towards an understanding of hominin marrow extraction strategies: a proposal for a percussion mark terminology
Authors: Vettese, Delphine
Blasco, Ruth
Cáceres, Isabel
Gaudzinski-Windheuser, Sabine
Moncel, Marie-Hélène
Thun Hohenstein, Ursula
Daujeard, Camille
Keywords: Percussion marks;Terminology;Zooarchaeology;Taphonomy;Long bone breakage
Issue Date: Jan-2020
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences, 2020, 12 (48)
Abstract: Percussion marks have been studied in the field of archaeology for more than a century. Researchers have identified, characterized and analysed them in order to distinguish them from traces of environment modification to bone and reconstruct hominin subsistence strategies. The multiplicity of studies based on percussion marks in different languages has led to a proliferation of different terminologies used for the same marks, especially in English. In addition, as a result of numerous experimental studies or ethnological observations, it is possible to accurately identify the different steps of the butchery process and each of the related marks. We know from experimental studies that the morphology of percussion traces inflicted by the same tools can differ as their morphology depends on many factors (i.e. location and intensity of blows, intrinsic bone variables). In addition to this, carnivore and hominin traces can be superimposed, which sometimes renders their interpretation difficult. Renewed interest in these percussion marks owing to the emergence of new technical means highlighted the need to review their classification and clarify the nomenclature. With this in mind, we reviewed the abundant scientific literature to propose a refined and descriptive nomenclature. The aim is to provide a coherent terminology for the description and analysis of impact fractures in different European languages. We also propose classifying percussion marks into three categories: (1) percussion marks sensu stricto, (2) traces consecutive to bone breakage and (3) striation marks related to marrow extraction.
ISSN: 1866-9557
DOI: 10.1007/s12520-019-00972-8
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Arqueología

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