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Title: Neanderthal occupational patterns in the North of the Iberian Peninsula: a preliminary approach to Cueva Morín (Cantabria) and Cova de les Teixoneres (Barcelona)
Authors: Sánchez-Hernández, Carlos
Rivals, Florent
Blasco, Ruth
Rosell, Jordi
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Hugo Obermaier-Gesellschaft
Citation: 58th Annual Meeting of the Hugo Obermaier Society for Quaternary Research and Archaeology of the Stone Age in Budapest, 2016, p. 58
Abstract: The environmental conditions during the Upper Pleistocene in Europe is characterized by high climatic fluctuations. This is known to influence the behavioural and ecological patterns of faunal communities. Neanderthal behavioural patterns are influenced too by numerous factors, including the stability of the resources to which they have access. Therefore the habits of their prey mainly (ungulates) influence directly Neanderthals behavioural and occupational patterns. The reconstruction of prey’s paleodiet is crucial to identify if the specific features of each area affected Neanderthal behaviour. Paleodiet of ungulates is reconstructed using tooth wear methods (nondestructive proxies). They are referring to two techniques that provide information about dietary traits in ungulates due to the fact they correspond to different temporal scales (Fortelius and Solounias, 2000, Solounias and Semprebon, 2002, Sánchez-Hernández, et al., in press). Microwear which is based in a short period of accumulative wear (hours/days), reflects the last feeding traits in the animal life. On the other hand mesowear that is based in a longer period (months), reflects the accumulative wear through the last seasons of the animal life. The combined use of these methods allows to observe the specific occupational patterns at each site (Rivals, et al., 2015). The objectives are (1) to detect seasonal events of Neanderthals occupation at each site and (2) to estimate the duration of these occupations at two Middle Palaeolithic sites. We selected and compared two different areas in the Iberian Peninsula: Cueva Morín (Cantabrian area) and Cova de les Teixoneres (Mediterranean area) where tooth wear patterns allowed the identification of seasonal and long-term patterns.
ISBN: 978-3-946387-03-0
Type: Presentation
Appears in Collections:Congresos, encuentros científicos y estancias de investigación

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