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Title: Quantitative and qualitative analysis for the study of Middle Paleolithic retouched artifacts: Unit III of Teixoneres cave (Barcelona, Spain)
Authors: Bustos-Pérez, Guillermo
Chacón Navarro, María Gema
Rivals, Florent
Blasco, Ruth
Rosell, Jordi
Keywords: Middle Paleolithic;Retouched artifacts;Indexes of reduction;Raw materials;Short-term occupation patterns
Issue Date: Apr-2017
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, 2017, 12, 658-672
Abstract: Retouched artifacts constitute an important part of Paleolithic lithic assemblages. Evaluating what constraints shaped morphological variability can provide data about mobility, territorial management, and even about different adaptive strategies. This study attempts to understand what factors conditioned the intensity of retouch and the morphological variability of the retouched artifacts from unit III of Teixoneres cave (Barcelona, Spain) and to ascertain whether differences in retouch intensity depend on the raw materials used and the type of site occupation. First, a qualitative and descriptive technological analysis of the retouched artifacts is undertaken. Second, an analysis of the intensity and extent of retouch is carried out in a quantitative way using reduction indexes, and then crossed with a study of technological attributes such as the stone raw material, blank cross-section, or implement type. Lastly, all these variables are crossed and compared using a cluster analysis. The results show that retouched artifacts from unit III of Teixoneres cave can be classified into clear groups that represent different lithic strategies linked to the short-term occupation patterns inferred for unit III.
ISSN: 2352-409X
DOI: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2017.02.021
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Arqueología

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