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Title: First data of Neandertal bird and carnivore exploitation in the Cantabrian Region (Axlor; Barandiaran excavations; Dima, Biscay, Northern Iberian Peninsula)
Authors: Gómez-Olivencia, Azier
Sala, Nohemi
Núñez-Lahuerta, Carmen
Sanchis Serra, Alfred
Arlegi, Mikel
Ríos Garaizar, Joseba
Keywords: Cultural evolution;Evolutionary ecology;Palaeoecology;Palaeontology
Issue Date: Jul-2018
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Citation: Scientific Reports, 2018, 8:10551
Abstract: Neandertals were top predators who basically relied on middle- to large-sized ungulates for dietary purposes, but there is growing evidence that supports their consumption of plants, leporids, tortoises, marine resources, carnivores and birds. The Iberian Peninsula has provided the most abundant record of bird exploitation for meat in Europe, starting in the Middle Pleistocene. However, the bird and carnivore exploitation record was hitherto limited to the Mediterranean area of the Iberian Peninsula. Here we present the first evidence of bird and carnivore exploitation by Neandertals in the Cantabrian region. We have found cut-marks in two golden eagles, one raven, one wolf and one lynx remain from the Mousterian levels of Axlor. The obtaining of meat was likely the primary purpose of the cut-marks on the golden eagle and lynx remains. Corvids, raptors, felids and canids in Axlor could have likely acted as commensals of the Neandertals, scavenging upon the carcasses left behind by these hunter-gatherers. This could have brought them closer to Neandertal groups who could have preyed upon them. These new results provide additional information on their dietary scope and indicate a more complex interaction between Neandertals and their environment.
ISSN: 2045-2322
DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-28377-y
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Arqueología

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