Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Optimisation of focused ultrasound extraction (FUSE) and microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) of hydrocarbons in geological chert samples
Authors: Olivares, Maitane
Vallejo Ruiz, Asier ‎
Irazola, Mireia
Murelaga, Xabier
Baceta, Juan Ignacio
Tarriño Vinagre, Antonio
Etxebarria Loizate, Nestor
Keywords: Chert;n-alkanes;Ultrasound focused extraction;Microwave-assisted extraction;GC-MS
Issue Date: Dec-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Talanta, 2010, 83 (2), 605-612
Abstract: The analysis of hydrocarbons in chert rocks provides a worthwhile source of information regarding the geochemical features of a depositional setting. Since the typical analytical procedure requires long Soxhlet extractions and the use of large quantities of sample (30–50 g), in this work we have optimised the focused ultrasound extraction (FUSE) and the microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) to make available a less severe procedure. In both cases a full experimental design including solvent mixture composition (Dichloromethane/Hexane/Acetone) and process variables (sonication time and cycles, and extraction temperature and time) by means of D-optimal designs. In the extracted fractions hydrocarbons (C16–C40) were analysed by gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry. In the case of FUSE the process variables were the most sensitive variables and the optimum conditions were defined at 60:40 DCM/Hex mixture and a sonication time of 30 min and 9 cycles. In the case of MAE all the variables shown a significant effect on the extraction yield and the most adequate conditions (60:30:10 DCM/Hex/Ace mixture and an irradiation time of 15 min at 110 °C) were established from the analysis of the response surface. Both methods were systematically applied with different chert samples collected in Cucho (Trebiño County, Burgos, Spain) and we were able to assure quantitative extractions (>85%) in the first extraction. Additionally, from the distribution patterns of n-alkanes obtained in the different chert samples (nodular chert, laminar chert and massive-brechoid chert) collected in Cucho, we were able to distinguish different origins and diagenetic history.
ISSN: 0039-9140
DOI: 10.1016/j.talanta.2010.10.004
Editor version:
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons