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Title: Hundidero: MIS 4 open air neanderthal occupations in Sierra de Atapuerca
Authors: Navazo Ruiz, Marta
Alonso Alcalde, Rodrigo
Benito-Calvo, Alfonso
Díez Fernández-Lomana, Juan Carlos
Pérez-González, Alfredo
Carbonell, Eudald
Keywords: Middle Paleolithic;Lithic technology;MIS 4;Open air sites;Human occupations;Sierra de Atapuerca
Issue Date: Dec-2011
Publisher: MAIK Nauka/Interperiodica
Citation: Archaeology, Ethnology and Anthropology of Eurasia, 2011, 39 (4), 29-41
Abstract: Many caves in Sierra de Atapuerca contain archaeological and anthropological remains from the Early Pleistocene until the Holocene. The fi rst half of the Late Pleistocene (MIS 4 and 3) has only been detected in open air deposits discovered on the basis of total cover surface surveys. Excavation at one of them, Hundidero, began in 2004. The Middle Paleolithic tool record spans the period between 70 ka and 56 ka. The technological and typological features of Hundidero, along with records from 30 other contemporary open air sites at Atapuerca, suggest repeated visits by Neanderthals who shared the same cultural tradition, characterized by expedient tool production, a diversity of exploitation techniques, a microlithic tendency, a search for dorsal faces, and the reuse of previous tools. These characteristics do not seem to depend on the conditions of the raw materials, the climate or the group's activities.
ISSN: 1563-0110
DOI: 10.1016/j.aeae.2012.02.004
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Arqueología
Geocronología y Geología

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