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Title: Analysis of orientation patterns in Olduvai Bed I assemblages using GIS techniques: implications for site formation processes
Authors: Benito-Calvo, Alfonso
Torre, Ignacio de la
Keywords: Lower Paleolithic;Oldowan;Water flow disturbance;GIS applications;Strike orientation;Olduvai;Spatial analysis
Issue Date: Jul-2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Human Evolution, 2011, 61 (1), 50-60
Abstract: Mary Leakey’s excavations at Olduvai Beds I and II provided an unparalleled wealth of data on the archaeology of the early Pleistocene. We have been able to obtain axial orientations of the Bed I bone and stone tools by applying GIS methods to the site plans contained in the Olduvai Volume 3 monograph (Leakey, 1971). Our analysis indicates that the Bed I assemblages show preferred orientations, probably caused by natural agents such as water disturbance. These results, based on new GIS techniques applied to paleoanthropological studies, have important implications for the understanding of the formative agents of Olduvai sites and the behavioral meaning of the bone and lithic accumulations in Bed I.
ISSN: 0047-2484
DOI: 10.1016/j.jhevol.2011.02.011
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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