Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Item metadata
Title: Elephants and subsistence. Evidence of the human exploitation of extremely large mammal bones from the Middle Palaeolithic site of PRERESA (Madrid, Spain)
Authors: Yravedra Saínz de los Terreros, José
Rubio Jara, Susana
Panera Gallego, Joaquín
Uribelarrea del Val, David
Pérez-González, Alfredo
Keywords: Cut marks;Percussion marks;Proboscideans;Middle Palaeolithic;Iberian Peninsula
Issue Date: Apr-2012
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Journal of Archaeological Science, 2012, 39 (4), 1063-1071
Abstract: The archaeological site at PRERESA (Madrid, Spain) has been dated to 84 ± 5.6 ka by optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) (MIS 5a). An area 255 m2 was excavated and 754 lithic pieces were recovered, as well as a large amount of micro and macro vertebrate remains, including proboscidean bones. The aim of this paper is to outline the results of the taphonomic study of these remains. The identification of cut marks on a number of the bones recovered strengthens the theory that the exploitation of extremely large mammals was more than just a marginal practice before the Upper Palaeolithic. Additionally, the identification of green-bone fractures and percussion marks confirm for the first time, that the bone marrow of these taxa was also consumed. Few other cases of this practice have been identified, firstly because obtaining this substance would not be an easy matter, and secondly because similar nutritional needs can also be met by the consumption of brain matter, which is easier to acquire.
ISSN: 0305-4403
DOI: 10.1016/j.jas.2011.12.004
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons