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Title: Cuban stalagmite suggests relationship between Caribbean precipitation and the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation during the past 1.3 ka
Authors: Fensterer, Claudia ‎
Scholz, Denis
Hoffmann, Dirk
Pajón, Jesús María
Mangini, Augusto
Keywords: Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation;Caribbean;Climate variability;Late Holocene;Stable isotopes;Stalagmites
Issue Date: Dec-2012
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Citation: The Holocene, 2012, 22 (12), 1405-1412
Abstract: Here we present the first high-resolution δ18O record of a stalagmite from western Cuba. The record reflects precipitation variability in the northwestern Caribbean during the last 1.3 ka and exhibits a correlation to the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO). This suggests a relationship between Caribbean rainfall intensity and North Atlantic sea-surface temperature (SST) anomalies. A potential mechanism for this relationship may be the strength of the Thermohaline Circulation (THC). For a weaker THC, lower SSTs in the North Atlantic possibly lead to a southward shift of the Intertropical Convergence Zone and drier conditions in Cuba. Thus, this Cuban stalagmite records drier conditions during cold phases in the North Atlantic such as the ‘Little Ice Age’. This study contributes to the understanding of teleconnections between North Atlantic SSTs and northern Caribbean climate variability during the past 1.3 ka.
ISSN: 0959-6836
DOI: 10.1177/0959683612449759
Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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