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dc.contributor.authorVoinchet, Pierre-
dc.contributor.authorMoreno García, Davinia-
dc.contributor.authorBahain, Jean-Jacques-
dc.contributor.authorTissoux, Hélène-
dc.contributor.authorTombret, Olivier-
dc.contributor.authorFalguères, Christophe-
dc.contributor.authorMoncel, Marie-Hélène-
dc.contributor.authorSchreve, Danielle C.-
dc.contributor.authorCandy, Ian-
dc.contributor.authorAntoine, Pierre-Olivier-
dc.contributor.authorAshton, Nick-
dc.contributor.authorBeamish, Matthew-
dc.contributor.authorCliquet, Dominique-
dc.contributor.authorDespriée, Jackie-
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Simon G.-
dc.contributor.authorLimondin-Lozouet, Nicole-
dc.contributor.authorLocht, Jean-Luc-
dc.contributor.authorParfitt, Simon A.-
dc.contributor.authorPope, Matthieu-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Quaternary Science, 2015, 30 (7), 610-622es_ES
dc.description.abstractIncreasing evidence suggests that bifacial technology (Acheulian, Mode 2) arrived in Europe during the early Middle Pleistocene, i.e. significantly earlier than previously proposed. In northern France and Britain, much of the age attribution for these assemblages has been based on biostratigraphy and lithostratigraphy rather than absolute dates. This study presents a systematic application of electron spin resonance (ESR) dating of sedimentary quartz and ESR/U‐series dating of fossil tooth enamel to key Acheulian sites of this area. Although the age estimates have large associated uncertainties, most of the derived dates are consistent with existing age estimates. The new chronologies and the problems associated with dating material of early Middle Pleistocene age are discussed. In Britain, the earliest archaeology (cores and flakes, Mode 1) is older than Marine Isotope Stage (MIS) 15, whereas localities containing Acheulian technologies span late MIS 15/MIS 13 through to MIS 9. A similar pattern is seen in northern France although age estimates from sites such as la Noira suggest the possible appearance of the Acheulian in central France as early as MIS 17. The dates presented here support the suggestion that the earliest Acheulian appeared in NW Europe during the early Middle Pleistocene, significantly after its appearance in the southern parts of the continent.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study is part of an ANR (Agence Nationale pour la Recherche no. 2010-BLANC-2006-01 coordinated by M. H. Moncel and D. Schreve) project; fieldwork, sampling and dating at several sites in the north-west of France and England will provide new data on occupation along the Palaeo-Thames, Bytham, Somme and Loire Rivers. We also thank the Region centre and the French Ministry of Culture for the financial support of PCR ‘Les peuplements du Paleolithique inferieur dans les formations fluviatiles de la region Centre ‘ (coordinated by J. Despriee) and the French Ministry of Culture for the financial support of PCR ‘les premiers hommes en Normandie’ (coordinated by D. Cliquet). This work has also benefited from the help of the French government’s National Research Agency, LabEx ANR-10-LABX-0003-BCDiv, within the project ‘Investissements d’avenir’ no. ANR-11-IDEX-0004-02.es_ES
dc.subjectEarly Middle Pleistocenees_ES
dc.subjectLower Palaeolithices_ES
dc.titleNew chronological data (ESR and ESR/U‐series) for the earliest Acheulian sites of North‐Western Europees_ES
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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