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Title: Delayed 10Be dilution in detrital quartz following extensive coseismic landsliding: A 2016 Kaikōura earthquake case study
Authors: Wilkinson, Clare
Stahl, Timothy
Jones, Katie
Fujioka, Toshiyuki
Fink, David
Norton, Kevin P.
Keywords: Erosion;Cosmogenic nuclides;10Be;Kaikōura earthquake;Coseismic landslides
Issue Date: Mar-2022
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2022, 581, 117392
Abstract: Large earthquakes play a major role in the topographic evolution of active orogens. Earthquake induced landslides can alter the mass balance of mountain belts for decades to centuries depending on how landslide material is transported and stored. In this study, we analysed in-situ 10Be concentrations in fluvial sediments to capture a time series of post-earthquake denudation rates of the Tūtae Putaputa|Conway River catchment, which experienced ∼13 × 106 m3 of landsliding in the 2016 Kaikōura earthquake. 10Be concentrations were determined for detrital samples from the Conway River at the rangefront of the Seaward Kaikōura Mountains, South Island, New Zealand, and near the catchment outlet over three sampling intervals, including after significant precipitation events, 1-2 yr following the earthquake. Our results indicate somewhat higher apparent erosion rates at the rangefront (0.41-0.58 mm/yr) when compared to erosion rates incorporating lower-relief sub-catchments at the river outlet (∼0.28 mm/yr). No changes were found over the same time period in the Hurunui River, a neighbouring catchment that experienced negligible coseismic landsliding during the Kaikōura event. Apparent catchment-averaged erosion rates in the Conway River have remained similar to long-term exhumation rates from previously published thermochronology studies. To explain our results, we explore the observed controls on catchment-wide 10Be concentrations in our study area, such as the spatiotemporal variability in landslide connectivity to the channel and storage within the catchment. Our results highlight that using in-situ cosmogenic 10Be in fluvial deposits as a proxy for changes in sediment fluxes of earthquake-affected landscapes is complex and highly site-specific.
ISSN: 0012-821X
DOI: 10.1016/j.epsl.2022.117392
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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