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dc.contributor.authorDíez Martín, Fernando-
dc.contributor.authorSánchez-Yustos, Policarpo-
dc.contributor.authorUribelarrea del Val, David-
dc.contributor.authorBaquedano, Enrique-
dc.contributor.authorMark, Darren F.-
dc.contributor.authorMabulla, Audax Z. P.-
dc.contributor.authorFraile, Cristina-
dc.contributor.authorDuque, Javier-
dc.contributor.authorDíaz-Muñoz, Isabel M.-
dc.contributor.authorPérez-González, Alfredo-
dc.contributor.authorYravedra Saínz de los Terreros, José-
dc.contributor.authorEgeland, Charles Peter-
dc.contributor.authorOrganista, Elia-
dc.contributor.authorDomínguez-Rodrigo, Manuel-
dc.identifier.citationScientific Reports, 2015, 5: 17839es_ES
dc.description.abstractThe appearance of the acheulean is one of the hallmarks of human evolution. It represents the emergence of a complex behavior, expressed in the recurrent manufacture of large-sized tools, with standardized forms, implying more advance forethought and planning by hominins than those required by the precedent Oldowan technology. The earliest known evidence of this technology dates back to c. 1.7 Ma. and is limited to two sites (Kokiselei [Kenya] and Konso [Ethiopia]), both of which lack functionally-associated fauna. The functionality of these earliest Acheulean assemblages remains unknown. Here we present the discovery of another early Acheulean site also dating to c. 1.7 Ma from Olduvai Gorge. This site provides evidence of the earliest steps in developing the Acheulean technology and is the oldest acheulean site in which stone tools occur spatially and functionally associated with the exploitation of fauna. Simple and elaborate large-cutting tools (LCT) and bifacial handaxes co-exist at FLK West, showing that complex cognition was present from the earliest stages of the acheulean. Here we provide a detailed technological study and evidence of the use of these tools on the butchery and consumption of fauna, probably by early Homo erectus sensu lato.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipWe thank the Tanzanian Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH), the Department of Antiquities and Ngorongoro Conservation Area Authority in the Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism for permission to conduct research at Olduvai Gorge. We also thank the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness for funding this research (HAR2013-45246-C3-1-P to M.D.R. and HAR2013-45246-C3-3-P to F.D.M) and the Ministry of Culture for funding our research through their Archaeology Abroad program. NERC are thanked for funding of the Argon Isotope Facility at SUERC. We are also thankful to two anonymous reviewers for their very useful comments. This work has been funded by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, through a I + D research project (HAR2013-45246-C3-1-P and HAR2013-45246-C3-3-P) and the Spanish Ministry of Culture through the program Archaeological Projects abroad.es_ES
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupes_ES
dc.rightsAtribución 3.0 Estados Unidos de América*
dc.titleThe origin of the acheulean: the 1.7 million-year-old site of FLK West, Olduvai Gorge (Tanzania)es_ES
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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