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Title: A neanderthal hunting camp in the central system of the Iberian Peninsula: a zooarchaeological and taphonomic analysis of the Navalmaíllo Rock Shelter (Pinilla del Valle, Spain)
Authors: Moclán, Abel
Huguet Pàmies, Rosa
Márquez, Belén
Laplana, César
Galindo-Pellicena, María Ángeles
García García, Nuria
Blain, Hugues-Alexandre
Álvarez-Lao, Diego
Arsuaga, Juan Luis
Pérez-González, Alfredo
Baquedano, Enrique
Keywords: Taphonomy;Pleistocene;Middle Palaeolithic;Iberian Peninsula;Neanderthals;Hunting camp;Carbonate rock shelter;Navalmaíllo Rock Shelter
Issue Date: Oct-2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Quaternary Science Reviews, 2021, 269, 107142
Abstract: The interior of the Iberian Peninsula has few Middle Palaeolithic sites, especially when compared to other areas of the Mediterranean Basin and the northern Spanish region. Few in number too are the zooarchaeological and taphonomic studies that throw light on the relationships between Neanderthal groups, their environment, and the use they made of it. The present work examines, both zooarchaeologically and taphonomically, the faunal remains of levels F and D of the Navalmaíllo Rock Shelter (Pinilla del Valle, Madrid, Spain) - the largest collection of such remains ever studied from the Iberian interior. The results allow this site to be interpreted as a Neanderthal hunting camp where occupations were short-term. Neanderthal people were the main agents that accumulated the site's faunal remains - largely those of large bovids and to a lesser extent medium-sized cervids. The activity of carnivores was also identified, but these animals mostly left behind the remains of small prey or fed upon carcasses abandoned at the camp by human hunters.
ISSN: 0277-3791
DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.107142
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Arqueología
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