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Title: The first comprehensive micro use-wear analysis of an early Acheulean assemblage (Thiongo Korongo, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania)
Authors: Bello Alonso, Patricia
Ríos Garaizar, Joseba
Panera Gallego, Joaquín
Rubio Jara, Susana
Pérez-González, Alfredo
Rojas Mendoza, Raquel
Baquedano, Enrique
Mabulla, Audax Z. P.
Domínguez-Rodrigo, Manuel
Santonja, Manuel
Keywords: Use-wear;Olduvai Gorge;Thiongo Korongo;Naibor quartzite;Basalts;Archaeological results
Issue Date: Jul-2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Quaternary Science Reviews, 2021, 263, 106980
Abstract: Probably, one of the biggest questions about the Acheulean is focused on the functional aspects of its lithic industry and, more specifically, its link to subsistence activities developed by hominins during the Early Stone Age. Historically, tecno-functional research on ESA techno-complex has focused on the role played by flakes and LCT in the processing of animal carcasses, but less attention has been payed to other possible activities related with subsistence and tool making. Previous traceological studies on African Lower Paleolithic lithic industries have shown the complexity of activities made with the earliest lithic tools, including not only the processing of animal carcasses, but also activities dedicated to processing wood, non-woody plants and underground storage organs (USOs). In this paper we present the use-wear results obtained from the analysis of the Early Acheulean lithic tools with potentially functional edges which are part of the lithic assemblage from the Thiongo Korongo archaeological site (TK) (Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania). The three main levels of the archaeological site, TKSF, TKLSC and TKLF, have been used as samples. From 466 lithic artefacts analyzed, 16 pieces present sufficient preservation of use related traces that are able to clearly identify the activities developed when compared with experimental reference collections. As a result, we have identified activities mainly related with the cutting and scraping of wood and non-woody plants, including USOs. In addition, some pieces have also presented traces indicating the processing of animal carcasses. These data provides important information about different activities developed in TK by early hominids, allowing us to make broader inferences about the different subsistence activities carried out during the Acheulean in Eastern Africa.
ISSN: 0277-3791
DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.106980
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Arqueología

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