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Title: Electrical impedance myography in health and physical exercise: a systematic review and future perspectives
Authors: Cebrián Ponce, Álex
Irurtia Amigó, Alfredo
Carrasco Marginet, Marta
Saco Ledo, Gonzalo
Girabent Farrés, Montserrat
Castizo Olier, Jorge
Keywords: Muscle;Physiology;Bioimpedance;Bioelectrical vector;Sport
Issue Date: Sep-2021
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Citation: Frontiers in Physiology, 2021, 12 (740877)
Abstract: Background: Electrical impedance myography (EIM) is a non-invasive method that provides information about muscle health and changes that occur within it. EIM is based on the analysis of three impedance variables: resistance, reactance, and the phase angle. This systematic review of the literature provides a deeper insight into the scope and range of applications of EIM in health and physical exercise. The main goal of this work was to systematically review the studies on the applications of EIM in health and physical exercise in order to summarize the current knowledge on this method and outline future perspectives in this growing area, including a proposal for a research agenda. Furthermore, some basic assessment principles are provided. Methods: Systematic literature searches on PubMed, Scopus, SPORTDiscus and Web of Science up to September 2020 were conducted on any empirical investigations using localized bioimpedance devices to perform EIM within health and physical exercise contexts. The search included healthy individuals, elite soccer players with skeletal muscle injury, and subjects with primary sarcopenia. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) checklist was used to develop the systematic review protocol. The quality and risk of bias of the studies included were assessed with the AQUA tool. Results: Nineteen eligible original articles were included in this review, which were separated into three tables according to the nature of the study. The first table includes six studies on the bioelectrical characterization of muscle. The second table includes five studies analyzing muscle changes in injured elite soccer players. The third table includes studies on the short-, medium-, and long-term bioelectrical adaptations to physical exercise. Conclusions: EIM has been used for the evaluation of the muscle condition in the clinical field over the last few years, especially in different neuromuscular diseases. It can also play an important role in other contexts as an alternative to complex and expensive methods such as magnetic resonance imaging. However, further research is needed. The main step in establishing EIM as a valid tool in the scientific field is to standardize the protocol for performing impedance assessments.
ISSN: 1664-042X
DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2021.740877
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Bioenergía y Análisis del Movimiento

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