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Title: Initial Upper Palaeolithic humans in Europe had recent Neanderthal ancestry
Authors: Hajdinjak, Mateja
Mafessoni, Fabrizio
Skov, Laurits
Vernot, Benjamin John Hopson‏
Hübner, Alexander
Fu, Qiaomei
Essel, Elena
Nagel, Sarah
Nickel, Birgit
Richter, Julia
Moldovan, Oana Teodora
Constantin, Silviu ‎
Endarova, Elena
Zahariev, Nikolay
Spasov, Rosen
Welker, Frido
Smith, Geoff M.
Sinet-Mathiot, Virginie
Paskulin, Lindsey
Fewlass, Helen
Talamo, Sahra
Režek, Željko
Sirakova, Svoboda
Sirakov, Nikolay
McPherron, Shannon P.
Tsanova, Tsenka‏
Hublin, Jean-Jacques
Peter, Benjamin M.
Meyer, Matthias
Skoglund, Pontus
Kelso, Janet
Pääbo, Svante
Keywords: Evolutionary biology;Population genetics
Issue Date: Apr-2021
Publisher: Nature Research
Citation: Nature, 2021, 592, 253-257
Abstract: Modern humans appeared in Europe by at least 45,000 years ago1,2,3,4,5, but the extent of their interactions with Neanderthals, who disappeared by about 40,000 years ago6, and their relationship to the broader expansion of modern humans outside Africa are poorly understood. Here we present genome-wide data from three individuals dated to between 45,930 and 42,580 years ago from Bacho Kiro Cave, Bulgaria1,2. They are the earliest Late Pleistocene modern humans known to have been recovered in Europe so far, and were found in association with an Initial Upper Palaeolithic artefact assemblage. Unlike two previously studied individuals of similar ages from Romania7 and Siberia8 who did not contribute detectably to later populations, these individuals are more closely related to present-day and ancient populations in East Asia and the Americas than to later west Eurasian populations. This indicates that they belonged to a modern human migration into Europe that was not previously known from the genetic record, and provides evidence that there was at least some continuity between the earliest modern humans in Europe and later people in Eurasia. Moreover, we find that all three individuals had Neanderthal ancestors a few generations back in their family history, confirming that the first European modern humans mixed with Neanderthals and suggesting that such mixing could have been common.
ISSN: 0028-0836
DOI: 10.1038/s41586-021-03335-3
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Type: Article
Appears in Collections:Geocronología y Geología

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